Peritoneal dialysis procedure is of two types Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis(CAPD) and Automated Peritoneal Dialysis (APD). CAPD procedure can be carried out at home or work or any clean place on your own. This CAPD dialysis also helps to remove wastes, harmful chemicals, and extra fluid from your body.
What is CAPD catheter insertion?
CAPD is a process in which, a liquid known as dialysate is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a catheter, a thin tube. The liquid(dialysate) helps to pull the wastes from your blood through the peritoneum lining. The peritoneum is a thin membrane that lines inside your abdomen. The membrane works as a filter while the wastes pulled through it. After the liquid collects the wastes from your blood, it is drained out of your body.
This process of filling and emptying of dialysate in your abdomen is called the exchange. Exchanges need to be done around 3 to 5 times a day, and it takes about 30 to 40 minutes for every exchange. One long exchange which often done during the night.
When is CAPD catheter placement necessary?
CAPD catheter placement is necessary if your kidney fails to work correctly or have stopped working. We know, healthy kidneys will collect the waste and extra fluid from your blood and flushes out of the body through urine. If your kidney gets damaged, then this wastage can’t go out properly, which causes severe health issues in the body. In such cases, CAPD catheter placement helps to perform the functions of kidneys.
You might need CAPD if you are suffering from acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) renal failure. During acute kidney failure or renal failure, CAPD is necessary until your kidneys get better. In the case of chronic kidney failure, the dialysis exchanges are necessary for the rest of your life.
Who needs CAPD catheter placement?
CAPD catheter placement is necessary for the people
- Who is suffering from acute kidney failure problems
- Who is suffering from chronic kidney failure problems
- Who are suffering from constipation or any urine infections
- WHo are suffering severe metabolic disorders
How is CAPD catheter placement performed?
- Firstly the surgeon will clean the treatment with sterile solutions.
- Then he/she will make a small incision below or beside your belly button
- Through this small incision, the surgeon will insert a catheter and push it into your abdomen.
- The end tip of the catheter is placed near to the skin level.
- Through this catheter, the surgeon will send a sample to check the performance.
- In some cases, the surgeon may add some blood thinners to avoid the accumulation blockages.
- Connect the infection-free Y shaped tubing to the catheter and the remaining ends to the dialysate bag
- Make sure to keep the dialysate bag at a higher level than the abdomen so that the gravity helps to pull the liquid in and out.
- Thus the dialysate liquid helps to drain the wastes from the abdomen into the waste bag.
Advantages of CAPD Catheter Placement:
- Greater lifestyle flexibility
- A less restricted diet
- Increase the quality of the kidneys
- Can be done by Individuals
- Helps to drain out all wastage from patient’s body
- Diminishes the metabolic disorders
If you experience any problems associated with your kidney, never hesitate to consult a nephrologist near you. Early treatment to kidney problems can save your time and money. To know more details about CAPD catheter placement or any other dialysis procedures, contact our kidney specialist doctors right away.